Maroon Clownfish Premnas biaculeatus This species is one of the most gorgeous clownfish, though it is quite territorial. Yes, the maroon clownfish have been crossed with the ocellaris clownfish to produce the blood orange clownfish. Most aquarists agree there is no saltwater aquarium fish as identifiable and well-know as the clownfish species. Holocentrus sonnerat Lacepède, 1802 The clarkii clownfish, or yellowtail clownfish, is a beautiful, eye-catching specimen. Genetic analysis has shown that it is closely related to A. percula and A.  Historically, anemonefish have been identified by morphological features and color pattern in the field, while in a laboratory, other features such as scalation of the head, tooth shape, and body proportions are used.  E. quadricolor is highly generalist, hosting at least 14 species, around half of all species of anemonefish. The colors of the body and bars vary according to sex and geographic location. They have 3 relatively wide white stripes, one near the head, one in the middle of the body and one right before the tail fin. These fish need at least a 30-gallon tank to live their best life—which can be up to 30 whole years! This group of fish is extremely hardy, and is well suited to life in the average aquarium. The Maroon Clownfish is a good candidate for a reef aquarium, though they are very sensitive to elevated levels of copper, and should never be exposed to levels near or above .15. They reach around six inches when they are fully grown. This distinctive feature meant they were previously considered a separate species. These fish, unlike some other clownfish, are incredibly peaceful tankmates. They also have a classic white strap just behind the head. Juveniles and males are bright red-orange. This species is much more aggressive than A. ocellaris or A. percula, but is just as hardy and easy to keep.  They can grow up to be about 17 cm (6.7 in). They have a very shallow dorsal fin that runs evenly down their spine. The Sebae is generally easy to care for, making them suitable for beginners. Captive bred clownfish are easy to breed in the home aquarium. These fish need at least a 30-gallon tank to live in. Male and juvenile fish are bright red-orange with white bars. English: Maroon clownfish, Spinedcheek anemonefish, Spinedcheeked anemonefish العربية : سمكة المهرج المارونية беларуская (тарашкевіца) : Маўрытанскі клоўн latezonatus. The fish has three body bars which may be white, grey, or yellow. On average, they live for about 12 years. Premnas gibbosus Castelnau, 1875 The world may not have been so familiar with clownfish until after Finding Nemo.  This would make Premnas a synonym of Amphiprion. While there are no hard-set rules on what you can put together in a tank, having an idea of which fish will compete with each other for food and even position in the tank can go a long way in ensuring a peaceful fish tank. These fish are bright yellow with dark brown blocks and white stripes. Want to know if a maroon clownfish will be a good addition to your tank? Types of Clownfish. In the central Malay Archipelago, the head bar tends towards a dull yellow, with the other two body bars being grey. The basal split in the evolution of clownfishes occurred roughly ten million years ago (Litsios et al 2014), resulting in a clade comprised of the Percula & Ocellaris Clownfishes (A. percula & A. ocellaris), plus the Maroon Clownfish (P. biaculeatus). The Maroon Clownfish is desired due to its unique beauty, but be careful! Also, it is necessary to use caution when trying to keep a pair of Maroon Clownfish. If you play your cards right, they live up to 20 years. There are many different variations of the maroon clownfish that you’ll see. They are usually bright to dark red, with the lighter color being on the face and fins. They are omnivorous and semi-aggressive with other tankmates. These fish have two bold white stripes around the forehead and down their middle. These fish live an average of 14 years. All species fall within the genus Amphiprion with one exception, the maroon clownfish of the genus Premnas. The male is significantly smaller than the female, with the female showing the dull-yellow headband, from the Apo Island the Philippines. If you don’t want that long of a commitment, you can choose a fish that lives just a few years or one that lives over 20. Caring for these ones isn’t as easy, so they’re best suited for experienced aquarists. MC’s tend to live about 5-7 years, on average. percula. Even though they can be a little aggressive with other fish, it’s nothing a newbie should worry about. There are many more colors than the traditional black, orange, and white ones you’ve come to love. The Gold Stripe Maroon Clownfish is the biggest species of clownfish and might attain a dimension of 6 inches. It is a sequential hermaphrodite with a strict size-based dominance hierarchy; the female is largest, the breeding male is second largest, and the male nonbreeders get progressively smaller as the hierarchy descends. Despite their differences from clownfish more commonly found in nature, designer clownfish are not unhealthy. , The characteristic that defines this genus is the spine on the cheek. , P. biaculeatus is found in the Malay Archipelago and Western Pacific Ocean north of the Great Barrier Reef. , P. biaculeatus has been subject to selective breeding in captivity. Is there a hybrid of the maroon clownfish? Gold Striped Maroon Clownfish This is a striking variety of the Maroon Clownfish. P. biaculeatus has been thought to have a monospecific lineage, however genetic analysis has shown that it is closely related to A. percula and A. The color combination makes the possibility of showing the most beautiful appearance especially when that is combined with certain aquarium decoration. They range between orange, tan, and yellow with a black patch on the back fin. It is best to house them singly, the only exception being a mated pair. You will need a 30-gallon tank or bigger for these fish. As adults, tomato clownfish reach about five inches in length. They need at least a 30-gallon tank to swim around in. The fish has three body bars which may be white, grey, or yellow. In general, Maroon Clownfish are the most territorial of all clownfish species. These fish can reach a maximum of four inches as adults. They can also have thick black patches on their bodies. They have tiny bodies with big eyes. Advertisement Captive-bred clownfish are easy to breed in the home aquarium. "Mutualism with sea anemones triggered the adaptive radiation of clownfishes", "What we really know about the diversity of Clownfish", "Finding NEMO: nestedness engendered by mutualistic organization in anemonefish and their hosts", "Why do anernonefishes inhabit only some host actinians? The true percula clownfish looks very similar to the false clownfish, but the white bands are much more whimsical and irregular.  Like all anemonefishes it forms a symbiotic mutualism with sea anemones and is unaffected by the stinging tentacles of the host anemone. Q. The clarkii is extremely adaptable and hardy—thus, a popular aquarium choice. The three-band clownfish lives up to its name, sporting three vertical white stripes evenly down its body. Buy aquacultured species over wild caught whenever you can to help support marine fish breeding programs. These pinkies don’t get very big, averaging about three inches in adulthood. Where the female bars are grey, they can be "switched" rapidly to white if fish is provoked. In Sumatra and Andaman Islands, all three body bars are yellow for both male and female, and the female body color can range from a dull maroon to a dark brown. These fish are very adaptable, making them a good candidate for first-timers. Despite the common name maroon clownfish, only some females have a maroonbody color, with a range of color to dark brown. Contrary to popular belief, there are more than 30 different species of clownfish. Different types of clownfish tend to prefer living with, or hosting, different types of anemones. This species usually has a deep red base with white stripes. They are omnivorous and sometimes pick fights with tankmates. There is the Skunk Complex, Percula Complex, Clarkii Complex, Maroon Complex, Tomato Complex and Sattleback Complex. These fish have two bold white stripes around the forehead and down their middle. They can be a bit fussy with tankmates, so look out for signs of aggression. It is best to not mix maroon clownfish with any other clownfish species in your tank and to only keep a mated pair or a single fish. The Oman clownfish is a faint colored specimen that has a pale orangish-brown body and light orange fins. Premnas epigrammata Fowler, 1904 Gold Stripe Maroon Clownfish Description. These dark, interesting-looking beauties are part of the Clarkii Complex. They have two humped dorsal fins on top with gently curved bodies. However, as any other fish providing a healthy e… This is one of the largest clownfish species, adult females can attain a size of over 6 inches.  The fish's natural diet includes algae and zooplankton. These fish are very hardy and recommended for beginners. While other species have a blue tinge to their body bars, Amphiprion chrysopterus and A. latezonatus, this geographic variety, is the only anemonefish to have yellow or gold body bars. Lutianus trifasciatus Schneider, 1801 These fish generally live about seven years on average. This one actually becomes the most … latezonatus. The maroon clownfish is an incredibly interesting looking little guy. These fish are omnivores and are mildly aggressive with their tankmates. So, if you’re a beginner, take a stab at it. Well, there are near about 30 types of Clownfish, but two of them named Ocellaris Clownfish or False Percula Clownfish, and Percula Clownfish are the two most popular types for the home aquariums. If your pink skunk was born in captivity, they are slightly easier to care for than their wild counterparts. The colors of the body and bars vary according to sex and geographic location. But unlike some calmer clownfish, these guys are pretty aggressive with other fish, especially while spawning. Sargus ensifer Gronow, 1854, Premnas biaculeatus, commonly known as spine-cheeked anemonefish or the maroon clownfish, is a species of anemonefish found in the Indo-Pacific from western Indonesia to Taiwan and the Great Barrier Reef. As you can see, the clownfish has a lot more to offer than just orange, black, and white. , The maroon clownfish has been successfully crossbred with A. ocellaris to create the hybrid named the "blood orange clownfish" by the Florida aquaculture company, Oceans, Reefs and Aquariums. It is found mostly in lagoons in the Indo Pacific region.  At least three geographic variations in the color of females are found, with fish from East Timor to Australia retaining white body bars. Keep reading to find out if your tank is ideal for housing a maroon. Since they only reach three inches at maturity, they require only a 20-gallon tank. Clownfish rely on anemones for protection from predators, while anemones rely on clownfish for food. The saddleback is omnivorous. The two bold white stripes wrap evenly, sectioning the fish into thirds. Yellowstripe Maroon Clownfish are generally maroon in color; however, their coloration can vary from maroon to red to even and orangish-red color. Premnas semicinctus Cuvier, 1830 The red sea clownfish is one of the most unique of all its clownfish cousins. , P. biaculeatus is currently the only member of the genus Premnas.  They exhibit protandry, meaning the breeding male changes to female if the sole breeding female dies, with the largest nonbreeder becoming the breeding male. 9 DIY Hedgehog Cage Plans You Can Build Today (With Pictures), 7 DIY Guinea Pig Beds You Can Build Today (With Pictures), 9 DIY Hamster Toys You Can Make Today (With Pictures). The one with gold stripes is found only in Sumatra. A third popular clownfish species is the maroon clown, Premnas biaculeatus. The Oman is one of the largest clownfish species, averaging 6.1 inches. If you’ve never had a clownfish before, you might want to know all of your options. Like many other clownfish, Allard’s are very resilient and adaptable, making good choices for any fish lover. The different species see each other as competitors and will fight until the losing clownfish is removed or is eliminated. Fish from Sumatra, the Andaman Islands, and Nicobar Islands have yellow body bars on both males and females. While we provide information resourced and canine education, the content here is not a substitute for veterinary guidance. If you’re just starting out, you should be able to handle the care needs of a tomato clownfish. It has maroon physique coloration with three huge yellow physique stripes. Female at East Timor showing the narrower body bars and maroon color, Male at East New Britain, PNG showing similar coloration to the male at North Sulawesi. The female in the Central Malay Archipelago, from North Sulawesi and the Philippines in the north to Komodo Island in the south, has a dull-yellow head bar and grey body bars. They are omnivorous and reef compatible. It is found in the Indo-West Pacific Ocean. The first type is the Percula Clownfish. In fact, many of the designer types were first found in nature. The saddleback clownfish has fascinating markings and color. Because they are a tad finickier than other clownfish, they do best with experienced owners. They need tanks of at least 55-gallons to be happy. The easiest way to differentiate the two is to count the spines in their dorsal fin; A. ocellaris typically will have 11 spines and A. percula will have 10.  The spine on the cheek of the fish is the characteristic that distinguishes the genus Premnas from the closely related Amphiprion. These fish are omnivores and are mildly aggressive with their tankmates. These particular clownfish are very hardy, so they make ideal tank additions for beginners and experts alike. We’ve rounded up 13 of the neatest clownfish around. Clarkii Clownfish Size The Clarkii Clownfish is a small saltwater fish from the Clarkii Complex. Types of Clownfish. If you take proper care of these little fish, they can live up to 20 years. A significant difference in size is seen in this species, with females being one of the largest anemonefish, growing up to 17 cm (6.7 in) while males are much smaller, usually being 6–7 cm (2.4–2.8 in)..  The size-based dominance hierarchy means in any group of anemonefish, the female is always larger than the male. They come in all sorts of interesting hues, temperaments, and sizes. Aquarists and aquaculture biologists have been breeding the many types of clownfish for over 40 years now, and there are many different variations of great looking unique designer clownfish that have become popular. Besides this, the maroon lightning clownfish (known for its lightning kind of pattern), and the golden nugget (with a golden body and maroon face and fins) are variants of the maroon clownfish. Clownfish are no different. About Designer Clownfish. ", "Experimental evaluation of the roles of habitat selection and interspecific competition in determining patterns of host use by two anemonefishes", "Amphiprion barberi, a new species of anemonefish (Pomacentridae) from Fiji, Tonga, and Samoa", "Amphiprion pacificus, a new species of anemonefish (Pomacentridae) from Fiji, Tonga, Samoa, and Wallis Island", "Lightning Maroon Clownfish Are Cheap And Common Now", "Blue Zoo Aquatics - The Lightning Project", "Blood Orange (P. biaculeatus x A. ocellaris)", "Spine-cheek Clownfish, Premnas biaculeatus", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Maroon_clownfish&oldid=956112921, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 May 2020, at 15:40. Rather than only sporting white stripes, these portions can even be yellow depending on the fish.  The recent precedents of the recognition of A. barberi as a distinct species from A. melanopus and A. pacificus being distinguished from A. akallopisos demonstrate the need to show not only geographic and morphological differences, but also genetic data to confirm the separation of the proposed species. Always keep an eye on how they behave with your other fish. Premnas biaculeatus Maroon Clownfish Comes in maroon colors with either white or gold stripes. Three-bands need at least a 30-gallon tank to live in. These clownfish are a bit on the bigger side, reaching about six inches as adults. The Maroon Clownfish is the largest known species of clownfish and has developed a reputation for their bold behavior. Allard’s have a rounded facial structure with a blunt-ended tail, and their bodies are dark brown with neon orange highlights on the underbelly and fins. 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Live up to be accommodated in any aquarium setup white stripes—one just behind the eye use caution trying... Red-Orange with white stripes provide at least a 30-gallon tank to swim around.... To 5.5 inches as adults designer clownfish are easy to care for, the maroon clownfish.! Are incredibly peaceful tankmates ’ s tend to prefer living with, hosting... Grey head and body bars which may be white, grey, yellow! Not a substitute for veterinary guidance should be purchased in small groups consisting of one species, it. And might attain a size of clownfish tend to live about seven years on average these tips and tricks share... Pretty pink skunk clownfish is three inches in length to burnt orange on their faces fish provoked. Compatible with your other fish, it is best to house them singly, aggression! A saltwater aquarium fish as identifiable and well-know as the clownfish species and maroon clownfish types is highly nested in.... Fish reach about five inches in adulthood neatest clownfish around sport a singular Stripe... Some calmer clownfish, Allard ’ s tend to live their best can.
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